Mining was Zimbabwe's leading industry in 2002, contributing 27% of export trade. The chief minerals were coal, gold, copper, nickel, tin, and clay, and Zimbabwe was a world leader in the production of lithium minerals, chrysotile asbestos, and ferrochromium, with more than half of the world's known chromium reserves.
The Bikita mine began operating in 1911, then just as a tin mine but has since diversified into tantalum, beryllium and lithium production, and is still operating. There has been talking of boosting the Zimbabwe's lithium output, and in 2014 the government announced it was looking at building a lithium processing plant at Bulawayo.
Source: Fresh lithium deposits to transform Zim economy | The Herald September 28, 2016 Munyaradzi Musiiwa: Midlands Correspondent LITHIUM is set to transform the country's economy following a fresh scramble for the mineral by foreign companies after new deposits were discovered around Harare, Mines and Mining Development Deputy Minister ...
MINING IN ZIMBABWE (Sources of information The Chamber of Mines of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Association of Mine Surveyors of Zimbabwe) The Trouble with Lithium EV WORLD The Trouble with Lithium Implications of Future PHEV Production for Lithium Demand by William Tahil Research Director Meridian International Research